Europe

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Europeade avaEuropean largest folk festival Europeade shows the national costumes used throughout Europe. Here, visitors can find out something new about the traditional clothing, folk music and dances, old customs, and all the cultural differences between European countries. The festival lasts 4 days and is rather eventful. Even if you’re not a folk costume lover, you won’t be bored at Europeade.

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Ball gown avaWe’ve all heard about the grand 19-century balls. But how did the ladies dress for a ball at that time? Today, we are going to see how a lady in 1865 was preparing for a ball. What garments did she wear? We will see if she needed help with dressing up, what pieces of clothing she could skip, and even what tricks she used to spend less money but look fashionable and beautiful. So, let’s get started.

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Dark Age Europe avaThe Dark Ages, also known as the Early Middle Ages, is a period after the fall of the Roman Empire. The style of clothing at the time wasn’t much different from the previous years, because fashion trends didn’t change as quickly as they do today. But still, there were some peculiarities typical exactly for the Dark Ages. Both men’s and women’s outfits in Dark Age Europe were based on a tunic. Though, the male tunic was shorter, while the female one was longer and resembled a gown. But let’s talk about the Dark Age costumes more thoroughly.

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Undress avaUndress costume. What a provocative name for a women’s outfit! Especially, considering that it is originated from the 18th century. In this case, “undress” is a word used to describe casual garments. It's expected that costumes of that period are elaborate but seeing all the layers and how much work went to garments that were considered casual really puts into perspective how much fashion has changed.

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OtzittlWe are sure, some of you heard about the Ötzi – the mummy of a man who lived between 3400 and 3100 B.C. He was found in September 1991 in the Ötztal Alps. Thanks to that mummy, scientist learned a lot about the life of prehistoric people. We’d like to show you how to make an Otzi the Iceman style backpack by your own hands. It could be a lot of fun.

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weapons avaFor many countries around the world, weapons (especially cold weapons) is a very important part of life. Historically it was a mean of surviving and a serious attribute of everyday life. That's why in a large number of countries, knives, daggers, and swords became a part of a traditional costume. The national attire of Scotland, England, Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Lapland even today contains knives as a full-fledged part of the set. It is rather exciting to compare these knives and to find some peculiarities typical for the certain country.

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gagauz avaThere are about 250,000 Gagauz people in the world. Most of them live in Europe, approximately 150,000 in Moldova and 50,000 in Ukraine. Also they dwell in Turkey, Russia, Romania, Bulgaria, and even in US and Canada. Despite the small number of people this nation survives and keeps its history, traditions, cuisine, folklore, language, and traditional clothing. Many of their traditions are really interesting and outstanding. In this article you'll read about Gagauz clothing traditions and national costume.

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Emma Marashlyan avaAt the Marashlyan Photo Studio (situated in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia), one can wear an Armenian costume, listen to Armenian music, and acquire knowledge about traditional Armenian costumes, while being photographed. This business serves its main purpose wonderfully: it brings money to the owners and popularizes the Armenian culture and crafts among ordinary locals.

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Infantryman avaIn the Middle Ages, war was a routine. There were so many wars that military fashion evolved quickly. What new garments appeared in the 14th-century army? What clothing articles did soldiers use at that time? What interesting facts do we know about the everyday life of these military men? Let’s find out on the example of an Austrian infantry soldier from the 1350s. The character’s name is Niklas, he’s from Vienna, and he’s a wealthy infantryman.

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Azerbaijani fabrics avaAzerbaijani tribal and rural women maintained their clothing traditions for a long time. The male folk clothing of South Azerbaijan is comparatively simple, designed in typical Caucasian style. Female costume of this area is rich in ornamentation and very feminine. South Azerbaijan was famous for its fabric production. Moreover, Azerbaijani traditional fabrics are colorful and often have funny patterns on them. It’s a pity, modern Azerbaijani women mostly gave up wearing clothing made from such fabrics.

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Zmijanje embroidery avaZmijanje embroidery is one of the embroidery techniques of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is rather unique, complicated to perform, and beautiful. But the question is, will it survive in the modern world? Is Bosnian youth willing to keep the tradition and learn to embroider when they have so many activities and entertainments to keep them busy? What can ordinary craftswomen do to popularize and develop Zmijanje embroidery technique? Let’s find out the answers.

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Bulgarian drawing ava2The traditional costumes of Bulgaria are rich in details: weaving patterns, various embroidery designs, and patterns on the fabric. The color palette is also bright and cheerful, though the number of colors is rather limited. All of those features make Bulgarian folk outfits potentially suitable and interesting for artists and illustrators. Have you ever tried to paint folklore clothes, even if just for fun? If not, you definitely need to try.

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Bulgarian avaBulgaria is an interesting Balkan country. Historically Bulgarians are ancestors of Turkic-Tartar tribes mixed with Slavonic tribes. That's why the culture of this country has the features of Islamic Turkish world and a distinctive Slavic world. The same we can say about the traditional costumes of Bulgaria and its clothing traditions. Today the folk outfit of Bulgaria is a mix of ancient and modern pieces of clothing, Ottoman and Slavic garments, general and regional features. And this mix of opposite cultures and tastes is awesome.

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Lacework avaHandmade lace looks so beautiful. In the 18th and 19th centuries, such lace was one of the main decorative elements for clothing and interior design in Europe. Croatia has a very strong and long-living tradition of lacemaking. These lace samples are delicate, elegant, and skillfully made. Lace is still produced by hand in Croatia but, unfortunately, we can say this craft is dying these days. Croatian youth realizes that they can’t earn a living by making and selling lace. Hurry up to see Croatian splendid handmade lace until you still can.

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lefkaritikon avaThere is an ancient-long tradition on Cyprus to make so-called lefkaritikon lace embroideries. These masterpieces helped the country, and the village Lefkara in particular, to survive and develop throughout hundreds of years. The lacemaking made Lefkara as wealthy a town as, for example, Nicosia. Though, the life of lace traders wasn’t easy at all. They were trying to sell lace abroad, without talking foreign languages, without any previously established connections, and even without enough money for expenses at first.

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czech2 avaThe national clothing of the Czech Republic is very bright. It is a mix of different eras and styles. Shawls and kerchiefs on the head came from Gothic period when people began to wear various kinds of bandages that covered hair. Pleats and lace collars came from Renaissance era. Bell-shaped skirts and large puff sleeves came from Baroque era. And beautiful Slavic embroidery is typical for all Slavic countries but with some differences.

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RuralEngland avaThe Victorian era in England lasted from 1837 to 1901. It was the period of political and social reforms and the Industrial Revolution. By the way, due to the Industrial Revolution, there was a tendency of people moving to big cities where workers were always needed. And in rural areas, life was poor and hard. These photos will help you see the real life in rural Victorian England in the mid-19th century. Ordinary people often wore worn clothing, patched and full of holes. But, of course, there were wealthier landlords, with their toppers, nice suits, and white shirts.

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Edwardian Era avaThe Edwardian era is a period in British history from the 1890s to World War I (1914-18). The kids’ fashion during this historic period is marked by natural flowing hairstyles, elegant and delicate outfits, and flowers as a decoration. By the way, for grown-up women, this era was the last time they wore corsets in everyday life. Step by step, the clothing of females, including little girls, transferred from artificial and pompous to natural and flowing. We’ve prepared 21 old photos (though, colorized in modern times) so that you could see for yourself how an Edwardian-era little girl looked like.

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Dickens clothing avaCharles Dickens is a famous English writer, he is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. Most well-educated people have read his novels, but have you ever wondered how his characters looked like? What did they wear? How did they tend to their bodies and clothing? Let’s have a look at the day-to-day attire of a maidservant from 1853 and find out her usual dressing routine.

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Old photos avaThere are lots of conspiracy theories and myths in all areas of life, including fashion, hygiene, relationships, etc. It can be hard to tell what the reality was for earlier periods, but the 19th century is open to our eyes due to the invention of photography. On the photos below, you’ll see the fashion trends and typical appearance of the mid-19th-century men and women in Britain. We think that the most interesting thing about these photos is pretty and elegant female hairstyles. But it’s up to you what details of their appearance to notice and appreciate.

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Medieval jewelry avaVintage jewels are always fascinating. But the older a piece, the more remarkable it seems. The medieval period for Europe was a wonderful time, with all those rituals and customs, traditions and beliefs, clothing and jewelry crafts, etc. By the way, medieval jewels are among the most beautiful and unique in the world. We’d like to offer you proof in the form of a small demonstration. Here are several precious medieval and post-medieval finger rings and earrings with gems from the British Museum in London. Let’s find out more about these items.

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Jacobean lady avaThe outfit of a wealthy English lady from Jacobean period was rather extravagant and posh. The Jacobean era in England and Scotland lasted from 1567 to 1625, when King James VI of Scotland reined. But talking about this period’s fashionable clothing, let us have a closer look at the layers comprising the formal daywear for a wealthy Englishwoman in 1615. A little spoiler: the most interesting part of a Jacobean female attire is diverse accessories.

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Tudor avaThe Tudor fashion in Europe is represented by England of 1485-1603. In this period, the fashionable silhouette consisted of geometric shapes: triangles, disks, rectangles, squares, and so on. However, Tudor clothing was rather charming, especially female outfits. In this article, we’ll look at Tudor men’s and women’s costumes a little closer. What did they wear and why? What trends were fashionable at the time? How certain pieces of clothing were called? And much more.

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Elizabeth avaIn Great Britain, a stunning piece of vintage royal clothing was found. It is the one and only dress of Elizabeth I (ruled England in 1558-1603) that survived until today. At least, no other garment of this Tudor Queen is known to still exist. As we can find out from history, Elizabeth I wore pompous dresses made from the best fabrics available, but all of her articles of clothes were sold out or reused. And now, there is one item that was saved, and it is now being restored and studied.

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Mary Shelley avaThe 19th century is very diverse in fashion. Silhouettes, designs, and cuts changed one another every decade or so. In 1816, the typical female outfit was simple, feminine, and pretty. How can we single out a certain year like that and be sure that it’s accurate? Because this is the clothing of famous English writer Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, pictured in the drama movie “Mary Shelley” that was released in 2017. This is how she was dressed when she was writing her world famous “Frankenstein”.