Oaxaca avaMexico is so rich in bright clothing traditions. Colors, patterns, shapes, textures – South American continent in special that way. But this time, our topic is the traditional dress of Oaxaca region of Mexico. The folk costumes of this area are greatly influenced by the clothing traditions of local indigenous people – Zapotec, Mixtec, Mazatec, Nahua, and some other. Some local garments are long forgotten, others changed to become contemporary clothes. But no matter what, this region is famous throughout Mexico and far outside the borders for its traditional outfits.

folklórico avaMexican traditional folk dance is called “folklórico dance”. And every region of Mexico has its own typical dance moves and folk dress used by the dancers. It is said that there are three important things about folklórico dancing: the music, the dance, and the costume. In this article, we’re going to talk about the folklórico costumes and their making. The women’s folklórico outfit always is adorned with ribbons, lace, or/and embroidery. And this Mexican folk clothing is really bright and awesome.

Jalisco avaMexican folk dances are something special: passionate, spectacular, and cheerful. And the folk dancers’ costumes add to that feeling. You see lots of bright colors, the fabric seems to be alive in the skillful hands of the dancers. We offer you to get to know better the traditional Jalisco folk dance outfit of a Mexican lady. Let’s see what clothing articles this costume includes and what they look like.

Zapotec weaving avaIf you want to find out how the craft of weaving looked like in ancient Mexico, you should visit Teotitlán del Valle, a small Mexican village near the Oaxaca. People here continue the work of their ancestors – they practice the Zapotec weaving, using only traditional techniques, tools, dyes, and patterns. You can observe the whole process of making Zapotec woven folk clothing and traditional rugs in this community. We hope that the article below will stir your interest toward this ancient culture.

A ZTraditional pieces of the male and female national costumes in Mexico: baja jacket, caites, charros, charro suit, china poblana, chincuete, cowboy boots, enagua, enredo, faja, guayabero, huaraches, huipil, mecapal, moral, pointy boots, poncho, posahuanco, rebozo, refajo, sarape, sombrero, tzute, quechquémitl.

Traditional-Mexican-costume avaMexican national clothing is very bright and beautiful. Actually, there are many different designs of traditional costume. Some of them are used for celebrations and holidays, some – for ceremonies, some – for festivals. The main characteristics of Mexican national attire are: sun protection (that's why sombrero has such a wide brims and the clothing itself is made of natural materials), brightness (the fabric for garments is mostly colorful and heavily embroidered; a lot of colorful ribbons are used), and moderate modesty (the clothing is elegant, not shameless or vulgar at all; skirts are long, blouses are delicate; flowers are often used to beautify the costume, hairdo and headdress).

Creek Moccasins avaMoccasins are widely used traditional shoes of the Native Americans. The size, shape, style, and adornments of this folk footwear can be different, according to the region of origin, tribal customs, available local materials, and simply the taste of the artisan. Still, the pair of moccasins we’ve prepared for you in this post are shaped rather oddly and unusually. These charming Native American moccasins from the early 19th century have a bit of a homey look, and the beaded designs on them are really cute.

Mukluks avaInuit people traditionally made practically all of their clothing, footwear, and accessories from animal skins and fur – simply because it was pretty much impossible to import fabrics or grow such plants as flax, hemp, cotton, etc in Alaska. And the weather in the northern regions is very cold, so only wool and fur were able to protect the body. Inuit traditional shoes look great and are extremely warm – much warmer than any modern materials. Let’s see how this footwear is made.

Moccasins avaThe moccasins are among those clothing articles that identify a Native American. They literally scream Native American Indian origin. Most of these footwear are works of art because they are richly decorated in traditional local techniques, like beadwork, embroidery, quillwork, fringe, etc. There were different styles and designs of moccasins depending on the area of origin, local climate, customs of the tribe, and many other factors. You could look at one’s moccasins and easily distinguish his/her ethnic group.

Native American bag avaThe Native American traditional art is so different from European, Asian, or African one that it is always exciting to learn more about it. When you take in every tiny detail and determine every character or even geometric figure depicted on Native American Indian articles of clothing and accessories, it fascinates you. And local beadwork and quillwork are world-famous crafts. It’s a pity such things are so rarely made today and by only a handful of artisans. For many people outside the US and Canada, using porcupine quills to create patterns on leather is something weird and surreal, but for Native Americans, it was customary.

Reservations avaThis is the last article from the series dedicated to the traditional Cherokee clothing. This time, we will talk about Cherokee folk dress from the mid-19th century to this day. Unfortunately, this is the time when a lot of Native American tribes were brought to the brink of extinction and a lot of ancient traditions barely survived during the Americanization and Europeanization of the New World. But step by step, the descendants of proud Cherokees got their clothing traditions back and learned all they could about their heritage.

Mission influence avaWe are continuing our series of articles dedicated to the clothing traditions of the Cherokee people, one of the famous Native American tribes. And it’s time to talk about the appearance and spread of such important crafts as spinning, weaving, and beading. The early-mid-19th century is the period when Cherokee women got their hands on spinning wheels, cards, weaving looms, and other similar tools. And they loved to use them. Very soon, the Cherokees were producing such gorgeous articles of clothing that no European pieces could compare.

Trade era avaWe’ve already published an article about Cherokee folk clothes from the early historical period (until 1650). This is the next material of a series and it will tell you about the traditional Cherokee dress during the so-called Trade Era (1650-1800). How did local garments change and why? What outfits remained the same? And was Cherokee-European partnership good for the Native American Indians at this stage? Also, let’s see the traditional Cherokee hairstyles, jewels, tattoos, and other body adornments.

Cherokee avaDifferent neighboring Native American tribes had, for the most part, similar traditional costumes until the mid-17th century. That’s because local people dressed to the climate – it wasn't a fashion statement at all. But, of course, various ethnic groups had their individual peculiarities in clothing. Let’s learn a bit about the aboriginal dress of Cherokee tribe before 1650. We don’t have that much information from this period because lots of Native American Indians were exterminated, along with their traditions, beliefs, handicrafts, etc. But still, their ancestors study what they can about their national outfits.

Inuit avaThe Inuit culture is unique because these indigenous people live in the arctic regions of Greenland, Alaska, Canada, and Russia, places that test human survival abilities. That’s why their traditional costumes and the clothing tradition, in general, differ from those we’re used to. The Inuit outfits used to be made almost entirely from skins and furs of local animals. Of course, in our time, they don’t have to do it anymore and can use modern clothing. But we still have a chance to admire Inuit unusual traditional garments, beautiful in their skillfulness.

Old photo avaThe world knows not enough about the Native American Indians, their culture, clothing traditions, and lifestyle. Of course, there are museums and exhibitions that preserve some of the knowledge but only the real-life situations can show any culture in its fullest. So, we’ve prepared for you a collection of old photos that can give us a glimpse of what the Native Americans were like in the late 19th – the beginning of the 20th century. Unfortunately, we can’t have photos of these tribes from before the European colonization, simply because photography wasn’t invented yet. But it’s at least something.

American Indian Art avaThe exhibition “Discovering American Indian Art” at the McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture shows us the way of life, customs and traditions, and folk handicrafts of the Native Americans. Elegant beading patterns, masks for the cannibal dances, outstanding headdresses and other accessories that can surprise you in many ways, items that represent a mixture of centuries-old beliefs of American Indians and casual lifestyle of White settlers, and many other pieces that belonged to Native American tribal people.

fingerweaving avaOne of the authentic folk crafts of the Native American Indians is a fingerweaving. They wove narrow strips of fabric – belts, bag straps, sashes, and other items. This handicraft is very convenient because doesn’t require any special tools – like looms are used for ordinary weaving. For fingerweaving, you need only wooden sticks and yarn. Surely, modern weavers use some auxiliary tools (dowel rods, binder clips, rubber bands, etc.), but their ancestors could do without such things. Let us show you how to fingerweave + we offer you 5 various traditional Indian patterns to start with.

War bonnet avaThe Native American beadwork is a very important craft for the American continents. The most common question people ask about beading in Native American culture is how did the Indians make beads? Jeri Ah-be-hill (born Geraldine Fuller), the representative of Native American Indians and Kiowa-Comanche fashion expert answers this question.

war bonnet avaThe traditional warbonnet of Native American Indians is a sacred headdress. There is a deep philosophical meaning behind each small element of it that can be surprising or even odd for a European observer. We’d like to try to reveal at least some of the secrets and rituals connected to the Native American headdress.

Native-American-costumes avaNative American Indian tribes lived in the territory of US and Canada long before the conquistadors. They lived in harmony with nature. That's why their culture is closely related with the laws of nature. Native Americans made their garments from animal skins and fur, bark of trees and other materials which they gained hunting and gathering. They used sinew as threads, made jewelry from wood, shells and stones, embellished clothes with beads and patterns on fabric. Native American Indian tribes survived in Alaska and in desert areas, in thick forests and in mountainous regions. They could understand the nature, respect it and use its gifts.

Wari hat avaThere are not so many folk costume artifacts of South American indigenous ethnic groups that survived to our time. Especially of such little-known peoples as the Wari people. This bright hat with a square crown and 4 tufts at the top is an ancient traditional headdress of high-status men. It is an authentic Peruvian accessory dated the 7th-9th century. And it is stored in The Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met). Let’s take a closer look at this headpiece.

pollera avaPeruvian women love these adorable and eye-catching skirts. They’re so bright! Though such full skirts aren’t very flattering to most female figures, somehow they suit the local women just fine. Moreover, Peruvian ladies even wear up to 10 polleras one on top of another to make the silhouette look ampler. Believe it or not, plenty of polleras used in Peru today are handmade, with a hand-woven border to embellish them. Despite industrially-produced clothes being so available these days, Peruvians continue to honor their old clothing traditions.

montera avaPeruvian women are easily distinguished from other South American ethnic groups by their bright and beautifully decorated hats. Peruvian traditional clothing, in general, is colorful and unique, but these hats add some cheerful vibe even to this eye-catching outfit. So, let’s find out what the montera hats are made of, how they are embellished and why, and what they show about the owner. These headdresses really look like bowls of flowers attached to women’s heads – so cute!

Peruvian Andes1The traditional clothes of Peru are woven from the Alpaca wool. This fabric is much warmer and softer than the sheep’s wool, but also hypoallergenic. For millenniums, weaving was one of the main crafts in Peru. So, locals invented and improved many traditional recipes of preparing and dyeing the yarn and weaving the pieces from Alpaca wool. The secrets of Peruvian weaving are useful for anyone who prefers eco-friendly products and clothes.

Weaving avaTraditional weaving is an extremely important craft for Peru. The locals have been using woven garments and household items for thousands of years by now. And there’s even more to it. The native language of Andean people is Quechua, and originally it was an oral language, so Andeans needed some instrument to save and pass the stories, local history, and their thoughts and ideas to the next generations of just other communities. The woven textiles became a mean of communication between people and recording the knowledge.